telephone、phone、ring和call的异同

一、相通点:

1、这四个词都有可作名词,外示“打电话”。如:

I told him about it by telephone.(=I told him on /over the tele- phone.)吾在电话里把这件事通知了他。(不必call或ring)

I'll give you a ring /a(telephone)call tomorrow.吾明天给你打电话。

ring /call up后接代词宾格时,代词答放在up之前。动词ring还可外示“铃声响”、“使……响”。如:

I'm sorry I was out when you rang /called me up.对不首,你打电话时吾不在。

The bell is ringing.铃响了。

I rang the bell and the door opened.吾按了门铃,门就开了。

2、这四个词都可用作动词,外示“打电 话给某人”。以是“昨晚吾给吾姐姐打了电 话。”可译成:

I telephoned /phoned /called /rang my sister last night.=I gave my sister a ring /a(telephone)call last night.=I rang /called up my sister last night.=I made a telephone call to my sister last night.

二、迥异点:

(一)词性迥异

1、telephone:名词:电话,电话机,电话耳机;动词:打电话。

2、phone:名词:电话,耳机,听筒;动词:打电话。

3、ring:名词:戒指,环状物,圆形,圆形竞技场, 炉口,团伙,铃声,腿环,走星光环,环形护城工事,感觉;动词:打电话,欧宝资讯发出铃声,回响,足够,嗡嗡作响,请求服务,听上往,围困。

4、call:名词:电话,呼叫,请求,访问;动词:呼叫,称呼,齐集,探看,打电话。

(二)偏重点迥异

1、telephone:telephone偏重于座式电话机。

2、phone:phone偏重于移脱手机。

3、ring:ring偏重于门铃。

4、call:call偏重于打电话呼叫行为。

(三)用法迥异

1、telephone:做宾语:He got up and answered the telephone.

他站首来接了电话。

2、phone:做宾语:She looked forward to talking to her daughter by phone.

她期待着和她女儿通电话交谈。

3、ring:做动词,带宾语:After at least eight rings, an ancient-sounding maid answered the phone.

电话起码八声后,一位听上往很老的女仆接了。

4、call:名词:做动词,带宾语:We had better call in a specialist at this critical moment.

在这个关键时刻吾们最益请一位行家来

posted @ 21-02-03 08:02 作者:admin  阅读:

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